In the heart of autumn, the garden prepares for the long winter break, just like the gardener! Work to do in the garden in November? Follow our gardening calendar step by step to find out.
The light is fading; the fog is surfacing, and the temperatures are dropping… But the frost offers a pretty sight on the grasses and autumn berries. In the garden, it’s time to protect the vegetation before the big cold. Other tasks await the gardener in November: picking up dead leaves, digging heavy soil, spreading compost or another amendment before turning the soil… In short, rest is not for now!
Ornamental garden: what to do in november?
- Remove deflowered annuals (cosmos, sweet peas, marigolds, zinnias, etc.).
- Before severe frosts, plant biennials that will flower on sunny days: wallflowers, daisies, pansies, forget-me-nots, primroses… They can take the place of deflowered annuals.
- Collect seeds from annuals and biennials that have finished flowering.
- Every two or three years, add compost to the base of a few perennials: daylilies, asters, peonies, and ornamental rhubarb…
- Cut asters and other large perennials short before the first leaves of narcissus and other spring bulbs appear.
- Divide summer and fall-flowering perennials such as asters, astilbes and rudbeckias.
- Divide slow-growing perennial groundcovers such as liriope and epimediums every three or four years.
- Take cuttings from the roots of Japanese anemones, buglosses, oriental poppies, Acanthus, Phlox paniculata …
- Undercover and cut evergreen perennials such as carnations, periwinkles, and rue.
- Finish planting spring-flowering bulbs such as hyacinths, narcissus, tulips, squill, Dutch iris, Allium, Erythronium, etc.
- Before the frost period, sow the lily seeds.
- Divide the crocosmias.
- After scratching and weeding, add compost or old manure to the base of the roses.
- In cold regions, they bury young roses to protect them from frost.
- Sow botanical roses – that is, in their wild form. The seeds will germinate in February or March.
Trees and shrubs
- Plant trees and shrubs with bare roots. Visualize their adult size upstream and choose the location of the plantations more than one meter from any construction.
- Stake and guy (fix with cables) the young plants so they can withstand storms.
- Add compost or manure to the base of newly planted trees and shrubs.
Sow birches, oaks, maples in the ground…
- Separate the layers made by hilling (which have been propagated by burying part of a stem of the mother plant) from the young shoots of hazelnut, quince, ornamental apple, and dogwood. Transplant young plants in the nursery and set them up in two or three years.
- Limit climbing plants on the walls of the house.
- Trellis and drastically prune the Coignet vine, which thrives in the spring.
- Layer the big one and the wisteria.
- Cut the boxwood in place.
- There is still time to lay sod. Otherwise, wait until spring to sow a new lawn.
- A tip from the “Little Larousse du Jardin month by month” (ed. Larousse): if the soil works well, pass it with a roller to pack it down. This will promote the emergence of naturally occurring seeds. If the surface is not sufficiently covered in the spring, there will always be time to sow grass.
- Bring compost to the lawn by spreading it with a rake.
- Lay boards in the wettest places to protect the lawn from trampling.
- Eliminate invasive buttercups by spreading lime or wood ash.
- Regularly remove dead leaves using a scoop.
- Check if the stumps of non-hardy plants (papyrus, lotus, thalias, water lilies) will be well under the layer of ice in winter. Otherwise, they will have to be overwintered.
- For the expert gardener, make fascines, i.e., bundles of braided branches between stakes, to consolidate the banks.
what to do in the garden in november?
- Start harvesting fall cauliflower.
- Harvest ancient vegetables such as Jerusalem artichokes, tuberous parsley, yacon, chervil… Harvest kale leaves after a frost.
- At the beginning of the month, bring in the squash, pumpkins, and butternuts…
- Blanch the escarole and curly under a bell jar.
- Place mulch or dead leaves around the cardoons and artichokes to protect them from the cold.
- Also, protect beets, carrots, and leeks left in the ground with dead leaves to facilitate uprooting.
- Mulch the lamb’s lettuce and frisée to harvest them more easily.
In cold climates, butter the stems with thyme and rosemary.
Undercover, sow carrots and radishes.
- Forcing endive chicory: cut the bottom of the unearthed roots, plant straight in boxes filled with earth and sand, and store in the cellar.
Transplant young spring cabbage and winter lettuce seedlings.
- Remove the sprouts from the potatoes.
- In mild climates, it is possible to sow peas and broad beans mild climates; it is possible to sow peas and broad beans, plant rosemary, as well as garlic on mounds. Ns and plant rosemary and garlic on mounds.
What to do at the orchard in november?
- Start planting bare-root fruit trees.
- In a mild climate, plant olive, almond, pomegranates, feijoas, and jujube trees…
- Sow seeds and stones to give rootstocks.
- Layer the gojis, currants, and fruit brambles.
- Take cuttings from fig trees, chestnut trees, hazelnut trees, vines, and small fruit trees (currants, raspberries, blackcurrants).
- Clean and trim the raspberries.
- Prune fig trees, hazel trees, activities.
- Slightly prune the walnuts to ventilate the center.
- Bring half-ripe compost to the foot of the fruit trees.
- In cold climates, protect fig trees and Tayberry mulberries.